1st International Conference Archaeoastronomy-Archaeo Astrophysics
Στα πλαίσια του διεθνούς φεστιβάλ Πυθαγόρα τα προηγούμενα χρόνια διαπιστώθηκε πως ο τομέας της παλαιοαστρονομίας -παλαιοαστροφυσικής έχει ένα μεγάλο κοινό ακροατών που επιθυμούν να ενημερώνονται για παλιές και νεέες μελέτες καθηγητών και ερευνητών.
Είναι καθήκον μας να δημιουργήσουμε και στην Ελλάδα μια τακτική συνάντηση με καθηγητές και ερευνητές απο όλο τον κόσμο που θα μπορούν να παρουσιάζουν τις εργασίες τους και να ανταλλάσσουν απόψεις και γνώσεις.
Το νησί της Σάμου, η γενέτειρα του μεγάλου κοσμολόγου Πυθαγόρα είναι ένα σημείο αναφοράς για την σύγκλιση των πολιτισμών και το ιδεών.
Ανεξάρτητος πόσο μεγάλα ή μικρά είναι τα αποτελέσματα μιας μελέτης είναι σημαντικό να ανταλλάσσονται καθώς και να εμπλουτίζεται κάθε ερευνητής με τις γνώσεις που κατάφεραν να αποκτήσουν οι συνάδελφοι του.
Το πρώτο διεθνές συνέδριο θα καταστεί διαδικτυακά και το κοινό θα μπορέσει να το παρακολουθήσει δωρεάν.
In the framework of the Pythagoras international festival in previous years, it was found that the field of paleo-astronomy – paleo-astrophysics has a large audience of listeners who wish to be informed about old and new studies by professors and researchers.
It is our duty to create a regular meeting in Greece with professors and researchers from all over the world who will be able to present their work and exchange opinions and knowledge.
The island of Samos, the birthplace of the great cosmologist Pythagoras, is a point of reference for the convergence of cultures and ideas.
No matter how large or small the results of a study are, it is important to share and enrich each researcher with the knowledge that their colleagues have managed to acquire.
This first international conference will be held online and the public will be able to watch it for free.
ParticipantsArchaeoastronomy-Archaeoastrophysics conference. 1ICAA 2023
Vassiliki Philippa – Mathematician University of Crete, Bioinformatics Kapodistrian University Academy of Athens, Doctoral Candidate, Medical School of Athens.
“Introduction to Ancient Astronomy and Astrobiology”
Efrossini Arkoulaki – Diploma in Energy and Environmental Engineering Mediterranean University of Crete, Researcher.
”Presentation / Summary of the work of the late Ippokrates Dakoglou Graduated in Civil Engineering from the Metsovian Polytechnic, member of the Hellenic Mathematical Society. “Pythagorean Adaptation of Orphic Cosmology to the Positive Sciences”’’
Akila Mallikarachchi – Undergraduate at the University of Kelaniya – Sri Lanka.
‘’A Study of The Gradual Evolution of Human’s Stone Tool Usage and Manufacturing Technology within The Prehistoric Time in Sri Lankan Human Evolution’’
This presentation is about The Gradual Evolution of The Purpose of using Pre historical stone tools and The Technology used to make stone tools by The Humans lived within Pre history in Sri Lanka. The presenter of this subjective presentation is from Sri Lanka and he is an Undergraduate from the Faculty of Humanites – University of Kelaniya in there.
Αlicia Maravelia – Hellenic Institute of Egyptology
“Ancient Astronomy of the Egyptians”
Dr. Elio Antonello – Astronomer, Brera Astronomical Observatory
‘’Plato and the solstices’’
Torre Matteo – Mathematician Liceo “G. Peano” – Tortona
‘’Archaeoastronomy: an educational bridge beyond the Two Cultures’’
One of the risks in science education is dogmatism: the student passively accepts the fixed and immutable rule that the teacher transmits to him. This danger arises when students are made to perceive an abstract theoretical system, devoid of historical-social ties, where the role of the scientist is secondary. To overcome this problem in a didactic way, I am convinced it is useful to exploit the great potential that archaeoastronomy possesses. The difficulties of being able to find a coherent path from a didactic point of view and effective from a pedagogical point of view, have been different and have required a long reflection in which we have also tried to take into account how to understand the interdisciplinary aspects of which a path to high school needs.
The educational path identified as the right compromise between science education and science history in order to offer students a complete socio-cultural framework (in line with not only Italian but also European educational requests) has Egyptian civilization as its theme and takes its cue from a spontaneous question from a student: “Prof., but how did they manage to move the stone blocks to build the pyramids?”. This question has both scientific and technical value and its answer is not trivial, as Magli also tells us. Precisely starting from the plausible answers from a physical point of view, an educational path was built in which various aspects of Egyptian civilization were addressed (mathematics, daily life, socio-political history) in collaboration with colleagues from history and art, and above all to the many links between pyramids, astronomy and religion that ancient Egypt hides. The didactic experimentation was carried out in the academic year 2020-21 (in DAD and in presence) in a 1st Scientific High School class made up of 28 pupils and aroused a lot of interest among students due to its profoundly cultural character: for the first time at school they did not perceive a clear distinction between knowing humanities and scientific knowledge.
Given the good educational success and the enthusiasm of the students (and colleagues), the intention is to implement the presence of transversal paths of this type by trying to deal with the archaeo-astronomical aspects relating to the Italian and European territory
Raul Pérez-Enríquez – Departamento de Física Universidad de Sonora, Mexico
‘’Eclipse prediction in Dresden Codex (Maya): A new approach’’
Since 2021, a team of researchers from Universidad de Sonora, National & Kapodistrian University of Athens and the Relojes Olvera III Gereración have been working in the construction of a Monumental Antikythera Mechanism for Hermosillo (MAMH). This mechanism now installed in a Central Campus of the UNISON, has in addition to Sun and Moon, the five known planets of antiquity. It shows also, the spirals related to the cycles of the Moon and Eclipse prediction. When the team compared the Saros cycle with the Table of Eclipses in the Dresden Codex (an ancient Maya document) found a very special feature of the latter; it gave dates for all 69 solar eclipses in a period of 11.958 days. In this presentation I will show a way to construct the whole cycle using the maya numbers in the introductory section of the table.
‘’Possible Astro architectural Rules for Theatres’’
Greek Ancient Theatres were a fundamental part of the development of democracy and culture all around the borders of Mediterranean sea. Their architectural features while not exactly the same, they appear to follow several rules. In this presentation we are going to show how anicent architects could have define the size and orientation of the orchestra & cavea of these kind of buildings. The possible rules have an astronomical origin and are based on Pythagorean Criteria for the gnomonic observation of the Sun at relevant days of the year. The study covers Theatres built between 500 and 100 a.C. and located in Greece, Italy and Turkey.